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Sodium butyrate (NaB) is the sodium salt of n-butyric acid, the molecular formula is C4H7O2Na, and the molecular weight is 110.0869.
Sodium butyrate is generally white to off-white, hygroscopic powder, fluffy, and has a special cheese-like rancid smell.
It is hygroscopic, easily soluble in water, the PH of the aqueous solution is alkaline, and it is stable to light and heat.
Sodium butyrate is dissociated into butyrate (C4H7O2-) and sodium ion (Na+) in animals.
Butyric acid is a short-chain fatty acid with the characteristics of water and lipid amphiphilic, among which it is more lipophilic. It is not easy to decompose when the pH is 4~6.
Therefore, butyric acid can protect animals from an acidic environment after ingestion, and play a role in the cecum and colon.
The final metabolites of butyrate are ketone bodies and carbon dioxide, which provide about 75% of the energy for intestinal mucosal cells.
At present, sodium butyrate is often used as a feed additive.