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Diethylene glycol (DEG) is a colorless and transparent viscous liquid. Flammable and low toxicity. It has the general chemical properties of alcohol and ether. Naturally present in tobacco leaves and smoke.
Has a spicy sweetness. Miscible with water, ethanol, acetone, ether, ethylene glycol, immiscible with benzene, toluene, carbon tetrachloride. But the solubility of hydrocarbons is strong.
Diethylene glycol has actually been commonly utilized in various cosmetics as a solvent, warm protecting agent and also thickness control representative. It has a history of use in various countries in recent decades, and no problems have been found during this period.
Rosin, shellac, cellulose acetate, and most oils and fats are insoluble in diethylene glycol, but soluble in nitrocellulose, alkyds, polyesters, polyurethanes, and most dyes.
When reacted with acid anhydrides, esters are developed. It can respond with alkyl sulfates or halogenated hydrocarbons to produce ethers. It is primarily used as a gas dehydrating agent as well as extractant, and also as a lube and completing agent for fabrics. It is originated from the action of ethylene oxide and also ethylene glycol.